NATURE OF BUSINESS AND SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
|9 Months Ended|
May 31, 2019
|Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]|
|NATURE OF BUSINESS AND SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES||
NOTE 1 - NATURE OF BUSINESS AND SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Nature of Business
KushCo Holdings, Inc. (“the Company”) was incorporated in the state of Nevada on February 26, 2014. The Company specializes in marketing and selling packaging products, vaporizers, hydrocarbon gases, solvents, accessories and branding solutions to customers operating in the regulated medical and recreational cannabis industries. The Company provides custom branding on packaging products, and its testing standards meet the requirements set by the Consumer Product Safety Commission. The Company’s packaging products primarily consists of bottles, bags, tubes and containers. The Company maintains relationships with a broad range of manufacturers and also has sophisticated in-house labeling and customization capabilities. The Company sells a wide selection of vaporizer cartridges with a variety of core materials and heating technologies, as well as a wide selection of batteries to match the cartridges. The Company provides ultra-pure hydrocarbon gases, including isobutene, n-butane, propane, ethanol, pre-mixes, custom blends and other solvents, which are essential in the extraction process. The Company’s wholly-owned subsidiary, The Hybrid Creative, LLC, is a full-service creative agency that serves both cannabis and non-cannabis clients across the U.S., Canada and Europe.
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the activity of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries and have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States ("U.S. GAAP") for interim financial information pursuant to Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) rules and regulations. Accordingly, they do not include all the information and notes required by generally accepted accounting principles for annual financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring adjustments) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included in the condensed consolidated financial statements for the interim periods presented herein, but are not necessarily indicative of operating results to be achieved for full fiscal years or other interim periods. The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of August 31, 2018 was derived from the audited financial statements as of that date, as restated, but does not include all disclosures as required by GAAP. These condensed consolidated financial statements and notes should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes for the fiscal year ended August 31, 2018, as restated, and notes thereto included in the Company’s Form 10-K/A for the year then ended and filed with the SEC on April 11, 2019.
References to amounts in these notes to condensed consolidated financial statements are in thousands, except per share data, unless otherwise specified.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period.
Significant estimates relied upon in preparing these condensed consolidated financial statements include revenue recognition, accounts receivable reserves, inventory and related reserves, valuations and purchase price allocations related to business combinations, expected future cash flows used to evaluate the recoverability of long-lived assets, estimated fair values of long-lived assets used to record impairment charges related to intangible assets and goodwill, amortization periods, accrued expenses, stock-based compensation, and recoverability of the Company’s net deferred tax assets and any related valuation allowance.
Although the Company regularly assesses these estimates, actual results could differ materially from these estimates. Changes in estimates are recorded in the period in which they become known. The Company bases its estimates on historical experience and various other assumptions that it believes to be reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results may differ from management’s estimates if past experience or other assumptions do not turn out to be substantially accurate.
The Company is subject to a number of risks similar to those of other companies of similar size and having a focus of serving the cannabis industry, including, the development stage of certain products, competition, limited number of suppliers, integration of acquisitions, substantial indebtedness, government regulations, protection of proprietary rights, and dependence on key individuals.
Certain classifications have been made to the prior year condensed consolidated financial statements to conform to the current year presentation. The reclassifications had no impact on previously reported net loss or retained earnings (accumulated deficit).
Trade accounts receivable are carried at their estimated collectible amounts. Trade credit is generally extended on a short-term basis, thus, trade receivables do not bear interest. Trade accounts receivables are periodically evaluated for collectability based on past credit history and their current financial condition. The Company’s allowance for doubtful accounts was $578 and $1,000 as of May 31, 2019 and August 31, 2018, respectively.
Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value using the first-in first out (FIFO) method. The Company’s inventory consists of finished goods of $53,013 and $11,814 as of May 31, 2019 and August 31, 2018, respectively. The Company also makes prepayments against the future delivery of inventory classified as prepaid inventory. The Company’s prepaid inventory was $10,266 and $11,019 as of May 31, 2019 and August 31, 2018, respectively.
Net Loss Per Share
The Company computes earnings per share under Accounting Standards Codification subtopic 260-10, "Earnings per Share" (“ASC 260-10”). Basic net loss per common share is computed by dividing net loss by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted net income (loss) per share is computed using the weighted-average number of common shares and common shares equivalents outstanding during the period using the treasury stock method.
The Company markets and sells packaging products, vaporizers, hydrocarbon gases, solvents, accessories and branding solutions to customers operating in the regulated medical and recreational cannabis industries.
The Company expenses fulfillment costs as incurred because the amortization period would be less than one year in accordance with the ASC 606 practical expedient.
In accordance with ASC 606, the Company applies the following steps to recognize revenue for the sale of products that reflects the consideration to which the Company expects to be entitled to receive in exchange for the promised goods:
A contract with a customer exists when the Company enters into an enforceable contract with a customer. The contract is based on either the acceptance of standard terms, or the execution of terms and conditions contracts. These contracts define each party's rights, payment terms and other contractual terms and conditions of the sale. The Company applies judgment in determining the customer’s ability and intention to pay, which is based on a variety of factors including the customer’s historical payment experience and, in some circumstances, published credit and financial information pertaining to the customer.
Performance obligations promised in a contract are identified based on the goods that will be transferred to the customer that are both capable of being distinct and are distinct in the context of the contract, whereby the transfer of the goods is separately identifiable from other promises in the contract. The Company has concluded the sale of finished goods and related shipping and handling are accounted for as a single performance obligation.
The transaction price is determined based on the consideration to which the Company will be entitled to receive in exchange for transferring goods to the customer. The Company estimates the amount of potential refunds at each reporting period using a portfolio approach of historical data, adjusted for changes in expected customer experience, including seasonality and changes in economic factors.
Discounts provided to customers are accounted for as an element of the transaction price and as a reduction to revenue. Discounts were $5 and $140 for the three months ended May 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, and $625 and $257 for the nine months ended May 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.
Revenue is presented net of taxes collected from customers and remitted to governmental authorities.
The Company’s products are sold at their standalone selling price.
Revenue is recognized when control of the finished goods is transferred to the customer. Control of the finished goods is transferred at a point in time, upon delivery to the customer. The period of time between the satisfaction of the performance obligation and when payment is due from the customer is not significant.
In the following table, product sales are disaggregated as follows for the three and nine months ended May 31, 2018 and 2019:
The Company conducts advertising for the promotion of its products and services. In accordance with ASC subtopic 720-35-25 (“ASC 720”), advertising costs are charged to expense when incurred. Advertising costs were $207 and $225 for the three months ended May 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Advertising costs were $877 and $385 for the nine months ended May 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820), - Disclosure Framework - Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement. In August 2018, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2018-13, which makes a number of changes meant to add, modify or remove certain disclosure requirements associated with the movement amongst or hierarchy associated with Level 1, Level 2 and Level 3 fair value measurements. This guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2019. Early adoption is permitted upon issuance of the update. The Company does not expect the adoption of this guidance to have a material impact on its condensed consolidated financial statements.
Intangibles — Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment. In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, which provides guidance regarding the goodwill impairment testing process. The new standard eliminates Step 2 of the goodwill impairment test. If a company determines in Step 1 of the goodwill impairment test that the carrying value of goodwill is greater than the fair value, an impairment for that difference must be recorded in the income statement, rather than proceeding to Step 2. The new standard is effective for financial statements for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019. Early adoption is permitted. Based on the Company’s most recent annual goodwill impairment test completed in fiscal 2018, the Company expects no initial impact on adoption.
Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments. In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, which provides guidance on accounting for credit losses, including trade receivables. The guidance requires the application of a current expected credit loss model, which measure credit losses based on relevant information about past events, including historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts. The guidance is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019. The guidance requires companies to apply the requirements using a modified retrospective approach. The Company is currently evaluating the potential impact of the adoption of this standard on our consolidated financial statements and required disclosures.
Leases (“ASC 842”). In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, which establishes a right-of-use (“ROU”) model that requires a lessee to record a ROU asset and a lease liability on the consolidated balance sheet for all leases with terms longer than 12 months. Leases will be classified as either finance or operating, with classification affecting the pattern of expense recognition in the consolidated income statement. ASU 2016-02 is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those annual periods, with early adoption permitted. A modified retrospective transition approach is required for lessees for capital and operating leases existing at, or entered into after, the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements, with certain practical expedients available. The Company currently expects that most of its operating lease commitments will be subject to the new standard and recognized as operating lease liabilities and right-of-use assets upon our adoption of ASC 842, which will increase the total assets and the total liabilities that the Company will report relative to such amounts prior to adoption. The Company does not expect the adoption of this ASU to have a material impact on the Company’s statement of operations.
Other Accounting standards that have been issued or proposed by FASB that do not require adoption until a future date are not expected to have a material impact on the condensed consolidated financial statements upon adoption. The Company does not discuss recent pronouncements that are not anticipated to have an impact on or are unrelated to its financial condition, results of operations, cash flows or disclosures.
The entire disclosure for the business description and accounting policies concepts. Business description describes the nature and type of organization including but not limited to organizational structure as may be applicable to holding companies, parent and subsidiary relationships, business divisions, business units, business segments, affiliates and information about significant ownership of the reporting entity. Accounting policies describe all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef